Home DISEASE & CONDITION Heartburn: Causes, Treatment, Complication And Prevention

Heartburn: Causes, Treatment, Complication And Prevention


Heartburn is a burning sensation in your chest that frequently happens with a bitter taste in your throat or mouth.

The indications of heartburn may deteriorate after you eat an extensive supper or when you’re resting.

Generally, you can effectively treat the indications of heartburn at home.

Be that as it may, if the indication of heartburn makes it hard to eat or swallow, your manifestations might be an indication of a progressively genuine ailment.

Causes Heartburn

Heartburn ordinarily happens when substance from the stomach back up into the throat.

The throat is a cylinder that conveys sustenance and liquids from the mouth into the stomach.

Your throat associates with your stomach at a crossroads known as the cardiovascular or lower esophageal sphincter.

In the event that the cardiovascular sphincter is working legitimately, it closes when sustenance leaves the throat and enters the stomach.

In certain individuals, the cardiovascular sphincter doesn’t work appropriately or it winds up debilitated.

This prompts substance from the stomach spilling once again into the throat.

Stomach acids can irritate the throat and cause side effects of heartburn. This condition is known as reflux.

Heartburn can likewise be the consequence of a hiatal hernia. This happens when part of the stomach pushes through the stomach and into the chest.

Heartburn is additionally a typical condition amid pregnancy.

At the point when a lady is pregnant, the progesterone hormone can cause the lower esophageal sphincter to unwind.

This permits stomach substance to go into the throat, causing disturbance.

Other well being conditions or way of life decisions can intensify your heartburn, including


being overweight or obese

consuming caffeine, chocolate, or liquor

eating spicy foods

lying down immediately after eating

taking certain prescriptions, for example, headache medicine or ibuprofen

Treatment Options For Heartburn

On the off chance that you experience incidental heartburn, there are a few home cures and way of life changes that can help ease your side effects.

Way of life changes, for example, keeping up a sound weight, can help decrease your indications. You ought to likewise avoid:

lying down after meals

using tobacco items

consuming chocolate

consuming alcohol

consuming caffeinated drinks

Certain foods can promote the probability of encountering heartburn. These include:

carbonated beverages

citrus fruits



fried foods

Avoiding these foods can help decline how regularly you experience heartburn.

In the event that these treatments don’t improve your manifestations, you may need to see your specialist.

Your specialist will review your medicinal history and get some information about your manifestations.

Your specialist may likewise arrange a few tests to discover what’s causing your heartburn. Tests may include:

an X-ray of the stomach or abdomen

an endoscopy to check for a ulcer or disturbance of the throat or covering of the stomach, which includes passing a little cylinder furnished with a camera down your throat and into your stomach

at pH test to decide how much acid is in your throat.

Contingent upon your diagnosis, your specialist will almost certainly give you treatment choices to help lessen or take out your symptoms.

Medications for the treatment of infrequent heartburn incorporate antacid, H2 receptor adversaries to lessen stomach acid generation, for example, Zantac or Pepcid, and proton pump inhibitors that block acid production, for example,





Despite the fact that these prescriptions can be useful, they do have side effects.

Antacid can cause constipation or diarrhea.

Inform your specialist about any prescriptions you’re already taking to check whether you’re at risk for any drug interactions

When To See Your Doctor

Numerous individuals at times experience heartburn.

Be that as it may, you should contact your specialist on the off chance that you experience heartburn more than two times every week or heartburn that doesn’t improve with treatment.

This could be an indication of a more serious condition.

Heartburn regularly happens alongside other gastrointestinal conditions, for example, ulcers, which are bruises in the coating of the throat and stomach, or gastroesophageal reflux ailment.

Contact your specialist on the off chance that you have heartburn and develop:

difficulty in swallowing

torment with swallowing

dim, dawdle, or bloody stools

shortness of breath

torment that emanates from your back to your shoulder



sweating while at the same time having chest pain

Heartburn isn’t related with a heart attack.

Notwithstanding, numerous individuals that have heartburn accept they’re having heart attack due to the fact that the symptoms can be similar.

You may be having a heart attack in the event that you have:

extreme or pounding chest pain

difficulty breathing

jaw pain

arm pain

Complications Associated with Heartburn

Occasional heartburn isn’t typically a cause for concern.

However, if you get this symptom frequently, you may have a serious health problem that requires treatment.

If you don’t get treatment for serious heartburn, you can develop additional health problems, such as an inflammation of the esophagus, which is called esophagitis, or Barrett’s esophagus.

Barrett’s esophagus causes changes in the lining of the esophagus that can increase your risk of esophageal cancer.

Long-term heartburn can also affect your quality of life.

See your doctor to determine a course of treatment if you find it difficult to carry on your daily life or are severely limited in your activities due to heartburn.

Prevention Heartburn

Follow these tips to prevent heartburn:

  • Avoid foods or activities that may cause your symptoms.
  • You can also take an over-the-counter medication, such as a chewable antacid tablet, before you eat to prevent heartburn before symptoms start.
  • Ginger snacks or ginger tea are also helpful home remedies that you can buy in many stores.
  • Have a healthy lifestyle and avoid alcohol and tobacco.
  • Try to avoid snacking late at night. Instead, stop eating at least four hours before bedtime.
  • Rather than two or three large meals, eat smaller meals more frequently to ease the impact on your digestive system.